FabricLink
Visit Us on FaceBook  Follow Us on Twitter
April 13, 2024


TEXTILE RESOURCE FOR FABRICS, APPAREL, HOME FURNISHINGS AND FABRIC CARE

Featured Presentations

Velcro Logo
Teflon
HEIQ
The Wool Bar
Chemours - Teflon
eVent Waterproof

The Txtile Gateway, Inspire Students, Learn how You Can Help
 
Fabric University, knowledge to make informed fabric decisions
Fabric University | Yarn Facts
Yarn Facts

warp
THREE TECHNIQUES OF YARN SPINNING
Cotton, wool, and man-made staple products are converted to yarn by a process called spinning. Upholstery fabric yarns are spun by three basic methods:

Warp Spinning
In wrap spinning, a bundle of parallel fibers is wrapped in a spiraling fashion with other fibers. A bundle may contain 150-200 individual fibers along its length, yet not be thicker than a paper clip. Yarns spun by other methods are similar in size. Warp spinning is suitable for making strong, dense yarns.

Ring Spinning
In ring spinning a parallel bundle of fibers is tightly twisted for cohesion and strength. No wrapper fiber is needed.

openOpen End Spinning
With open end spinning the yarn has individual fibers that are not arranged as uniformly as in wrap or ring spun yarns. Most of the fibers are generally parallel, but with lots of crisscrossing, while some fiber irregularly wraps around the main bundle.

THREE MAJOR METHODS OF FABRIC CONSTRUCTION
Upholstery fabrics are constructed for durability and stability on quality furniture by three processes: Weaving, Tufting and Knitting

weavingWEAVING
Woven fabrics interlace yarns essentially at right angles. Both velvet and flatwoven constructions are used for upholstery. In velvet wovens, the plush pile is locked in by an interlocking system as shown here.

Flatwoven construction techniques range from simple basket-weaves to complex jacquard structures with patterns typical of brocade and damask.

tuftingTUFTING
In tufted material, the pile is sewn into a backing material. Tufted fabrics can be dyed to solid shades or patterns using special technology. Striped fabrics can be tufted by using colored yarns.

knittedKNITTING
Velvet fabrics knitted on a Raschel machine are similar to woven velvets except the pile tufts are locked into loops rather than a crisscrossed structure. Knitted fabrics like these are suited for furniture that requires fitting fabric over many curves.


COLORS AND FINISHING

COLORS Color is the most important attribute to consumers in choosing an upholstered piece of furniture. The colors in fabrics are infinite. They can be solids, multi-colored stripes, or other pattern effects such as florals and geometries. Dyeing of the material can be done at any stage of making the fiber, yarn, or fabric. The desired effect to be achieved will usually dictate the dyeing method.

For example, a multi-colored floral pattern requires the individual yarns to be pre-colored to as many different shades as there are in the desired pattern. The various colored yarns are then constructed into the floral pattern fabric.

By contrast, a solid color can be achieved by constructing the fabric first and then dyeing the fabric. Another way to achieve a solid color or multi-color effect would be to use pre-dyed fiber, produce the colored yarn, and then construct the fabric. This assures consistently uniform color. Printing is localized coloration that also achieves multi-colored effects.

finishingFINISHING

Finishing follows coloration. This treatment can be mechanical, chemical, or both. The mechanical treatment is done at the textile mill, prior to shipment to the furniture manufacturer. It can be one of various surface treatments. Brushing and polishing of velours, for example, can provide extra sheen and luster.

 

 

Please let us know your comments about this site. Or, contact us to find out more about our live seminar programs for major retailers, associations or consumer groups.

 


ZYIA - Item 793 - Black Brilliant Hi-Rise Leggings 28
The most versatile of all workout clothing, our brilliant performance legging reigns supreme. The high, structured waistband comes right to your bellybutton and won't dig, pinch, or tug as you move. Flat-serged seams inside and out— plus 25% Spandex content—provide the wear-all-day comfort you demand from a quality legging.

Shop for this technology>


ZYIA - Item 1562 - Girl's Black Hendrix Performance Leggings
Dance, jump, or run, these unique leggings let you move without worrying about your clothes. Our matte Performance fabric has amazing stretch, moisture wicking, and all-over compression. This mid-rise design will stay put. This groovy retro twist on the classic black legging is the perfect starter piece for you to create a dozen different looks.

Shop for this technology.


NETWORK PARTNERS
The Technical Center Outdoor Retailer Material Wise - Your podcast on Material Matters INDA - Association of the Nonwoven Fabrics Industry Textile World & Textiles PanAmericanos Fashion for Profit Consulting Textile Communications Techtextil North America
gif