Treat stains promptly. Fresh stains are easier to remove than old ones. If the stain is on a nonwashable fabric, take it to the dry cleaner as soon as possible, and describe the nature of the stain and the fiber content of the garment.
Read and carefully follow package directions when using any stain removal product.
Always test stain removers on an inside seam or other hidden part of garment for color fastness. To test, apply product and let stand 2-5 minutes, then rinse. If color changes, do not use product on garment.
When using a bleach, do not try to bleach just one area of garment; bleach the entire garment to prevent uneven color removal.
When treating, place stained area face down on a clean paper towel or white cloth. Apply stain remover to the underside of the stain, forcing stain off the fabric surface instead of through it.
Never put chemical dry-cleaning solvents directly into washer.
Thoroughly rinse and air dry areas treated with dry-cleaning solvents before placing in washer, to avoid a fire.
Do not mix stain removal products together. Some mixtures, such as ammonia and chlorine bleach, can produce noxious fumes.
Always launder washable items after treating to remove residues of the stain and the stain remover.
Have patience; it takes a little extra time and effort to remove some stains.
Remember, some stains cannot be removed.
Detergent - all-purpose synthetic detergent (liquid or powder). Use liquid detergent full strength; mix powder with water to form a paste when working into stain.
Dry-Cleaning Solvent - stain and spot removers available at grocery and hardware stores. A nonflammable type is safest to use.
Stain Stick - an enzyme-based cleaner available at grocery and discount stores. Most effective on food, grease, oil, protein, and dirt-based stains and can be used on any fabric and color. It can remain on fabric for up to one week.
Stain Removal Chart, Soap and Detergent Association, 1991;
Extension Service of Mississippi State University, Publication 1400;
Cooperative Extension Service Iowa State University, Quick 'n Easy Stain Removal, Pm-858, 1986.
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